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Ulwazi

Ulwazi oluyisisekelo lwamahhanisi ezintambo zezimoto

Izintambo zezintambo zezimoto

Izintambo zezintambo zezimoto (izintambo zokuhlanganisa imoto) ziqaphela ukuxhumana okungokoqobo kokuphakelwa kukagesi nezingxenye ezihlukahlukene zikagesi emotweni.I-wiring harness isakazwa yonke imoto.Uma injini iqhathaniswa nenhliziyo yemoto, khona-ke intambo yokubopha iwuhlelo lwenethiwekhi ye-neural yemoto, enesibopho sokudluliswa kolwazi phakathi kwezingxenye ezihlukahlukene zikagesi zemoto.

Kunezinhlobo ezimbili zezinhlelo zokukhiqiza amahhanisi ezintambo zezimoto

(1) Ihlukaniswe ngamazwe aseYurophu naseMelika, kuhlanganise ne-China, uhlelo lwe-TS16949 lusetshenziselwa ukulawula inqubo yokukhiqiza.

(2) Ikakhulukazi eJapan: Toyota, Honda, banesistimu yabo yokulawula inqubo yokukhiqiza.

Abakhiqizi bezintambo zezintambo zezimoto banokukhethekile futhi banamathisela ukubaluleka kulwazi lokukhiqiza izintambo nokulawula izindleko zekhebula.Izitshalo zomhlaba ezinkulu zokubopha izintambo ngokuvamile zisekelwe ezintanjeni nasezintanjeni, njenge-Yazaki, i-Sumitomo, i-Leni, i-Guhe, i-Fujikura, i-kelop, i-Jingxin, njll.

Isethulo esifushane sezinto ezijwayelekile zamahhanisi ezintambo zezimoto

1. Intambo (intambo kagesi ephansi, 60-600v)

Izinhlobo zezintambo:

Ulayini ojwayelekile kazwelonke: QVR, QFR, QVVR, qbv, qbv, njll

Ukumakwa kwansuku zonke: AV, AVS, AVSS, AEX, AVX, cavus, EB, TW, she-g, njll.

Ukumaka isiJalimane: flry-a, flry-b, njll

Umugqa waseMelika: Sxl, njll

Ukucaciswa okuvamile izintambo ezinendawo yesigaba esivamile engu-0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0 square mm

2. Umgodla

Igobolondo (igobolondo lerabha) ngokuvamile lenziwe ngepulasitiki.I-conductor yetheminali ecindezelwe ifakwa kuyo ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukwethembeka kokuxhumeka.Izinto ezisetshenziswa kakhulu zihlanganisa i-PA6, i-PA66, i-ABS, i-PBT, i-PP, njll

3. Itheminali

Ingxenye yehadiwe enomumo, eboshwe ocingweni ukuze ixhume izintambo ezahlukene ukuze idlulise amasignali, okuhlanganisa itheminali yabesilisa, itheminali yabesifazane, itheminali yeringi kanye netheminali eyindilinga, njll.

Izinto eziyinhloko ziyithusi nezethusi (ukuqina kwethusi kungaphansi kancane kunethusi), futhi i-akhawunti yethusi ihlanganisa ingxenye enkulu.

2. Izesekeli zomgodla: Ibhawodi elingangeni manzi, ipulaki eyimpumputhe, indandatho yokuvala, ipuleti lokukhiya, i-clasp, njll.

Ngokuvamile isetshenziselwa ukwakha isixhumi esinetheminali ye-sheath

3. Ngezingxenye zenjoloba eziyimbobo zamahhanisi ocingo

Inemisebenzi yokumelana nokugqoka, ukungangeni kwamanzi nokuvala uphawu.Isatshalaliswa ikakhulukazi esixhumi esibonakalayo phakathi kwenjini nekhebhu, isixhumi esibonakalayo phakathi kwekhabhini yangaphambili nekhebhu (isinxele nesokudla sezizonke), ukuxhumana phakathi kweminyango emine (noma umnyango ongemuva) nemoto, kanye nethangi likaphethiloli. indawo yokungena.

4. Isibopho (isiqeshana)

I-original, ngokuvamile eyenziwe ngepulasitiki, isetshenziselwa ukubamba izintambo zezintambo emotweni.Kukhona othayi, othayi bokukhiya.

5. Izinto zamapayipi

Ihlukaniswe yaba ipayipi likathayela, PVC ukushisa ipayipi shrinkable, fiberglass ipayipi.Ipayipi elilukiweyo, ipayipi elijikayo, njll. Ukuvikela izintambo zokubopha.

① Izibhulubhu

Ngokuvamile, cishe ama-60% noma ngaphezulu ama-bellows asetshenziswa ekubopheni inqwaba.Isici esiyinhloko ukumelana nokugqoka okuhle, ukumelana nokushisa okuphezulu, ukubuyiswa komlilo nokumelana nokushisa kuhle kakhulu endaweni yokushisa ephezulu.Ukumelana nokushisa kwe-bellows kungu-40-150 ℃.Impahla yayo ngokuvamile ihlukaniswe i-PP kanye ne-pa2.I-PA ingcono kune-PP ekubambezelekeni komlilo kanye nokumelana nokugqoka, kodwa i-PP ingcono kune-PA ekukhohliseni ukukhathala.

② Umsebenzi wepayipi le-PVC elishwabana ukushisa ufana nepayipi likathayela.Ukuguquguquka kwepayipi le-PVC kanye nokumelana nokuguquguquka kokugoba kuhle, futhi ipayipi le-PVC ngokuvamile livaliwe, ngakho ipayipi le-PVC lisetshenziswa kakhulu egatsheni lokugoba kwehhanisi, ukuze kwenziwe inguquko yentambo ebushelelezi.Izinga lokushisa lokumelana nokushisa kwepayipi le-PVC aliphezulu, ngokuvamile lingaphansi kwama-80 ℃.

6. Itheyiphu

Itheyiphu yokukhiqiza: inxeba phezu kwezintambo zocingo.(ihlukaniswe nge-PVC, i-sponge tape, i-cloth tape, i-paper tape, njll.).Itheyiphu yokuhlonza ikhwalithi: isetshenziselwa ukuhlonza amaphutha emikhiqizweni yokukhiqiza.

Iteyipu idlala indima yokubopha, ukumelana nokugqokwa, ukuvala ukushisa, ukunqanda amalangabi, ukunciphisa umsindo, ukumaka kanye neminye imisebenzi kunqwaba yocingo, ngokuvamile ehlanganisa cishe amaphesenti angama-30 wezinto zokubopha.Kunezinhlobo ezintathu zetheyiphu yokuhlanganisa izintambo: itheyiphu ye-PVC, itheyiphu yeflaneli yomoya kanye netheyiphu eyisisekelo yendwangu.Itheyiphu ye-PVC inokumelana nokugqokwa okuhle nokubambezeleka komlilo, futhi ukumelana kwayo nezinga lokushisa kucishe kube ngu-80 ℃, ngakho ukusebenza kwayo kokunciphisa umsindo akukuhle futhi intengo yayo iphansi uma kuqhathaniswa.Impahla ye-flannel tape kanye ne-cloth base tape iyisilwane esifuywayo.Itheyiphu ye-flannel inomsebenzi omuhle kakhulu wokubopha nokunciphisa umsindo, futhi ukumelana nezinga lokushisa cishe ku-105 ℃;itheyiphu yendwangu inokumelana okuhle kakhulu nokugqokwa, futhi ukumelana nokushisa okuphezulu kungama-150 ℃.Ukungalungi okuvamile kwe-flannel tape kanye ne-cloth base tape ukungalungi kahle komlilo kanye nenani eliphezulu.

Ulwazi lokuhlanganisa izintambo zezimoto

Intambo yezintambo zezimoto

Amahhanisi ezintambo zezimoto ayingxenye eyinhloko yenethiwekhi yesekethe yezimoto.Ngaphandle kwamahhanisi ezintambo, ngeke kube khona ukujikeleza kwezimoto.Njengamanje, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi imoto yokunethezeka noma imoto yezomnotho, i-wiring harness iyafana ngokuyisisekelo, eyakhiwe izintambo, izixhumi kanye ne-tape yokugoqa.

Ucingo lwezimoto lubizwa nangokuthi i-low-voltage wire, ehlukile kocingo lwasendlini olujwayelekile.Ucingo olujwayelekile lwasendlini luyi-copper single core wire, enobulukhuni obuthile.Izintambo zemoto ziyi-copper multi core flexible wire, ezinye zazo ezizacile njengezinwele.Izintambo eziningana noma inqwaba yezintambo zethusi ezithambile zisongwe ngamapayipi afakwe ipulasitiki (PVC), athambile futhi angephuka kalula.

engachazwanga

Ukucaciswa okuvamile kwezintambo kumahhanisi ezintambo zezimoto kufaka phakathi izintambo ezinendawo ebizwa ngokuthi i-cross-sectional engu-0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0, njll. ngayinye yazo inenani elivumelekile lokulayisha, elisetshenziselwa izintambo. zemishini ehlukene yokusebenzisa amandla.Thatha izintambo zemoto njengesibonelo, ulayini wokucaciswa ongu-0.5 uyasebenza kulambu lensimbi, isibani senkomba, isibani somnyango, isibani sikasilingi, njll.;0.75 ulayini wokucaciswa ulungele ilambu lepuleti lelayisense, amalambu amancane angaphambili nangemuva, ilambu lamabhuleki, njll.;1.0 ulayini wokucaciswa ulungele isibani sesiginali yokujika, isibani senkungu, njll.;1.5 umugqa wokucaciswa ulungele isibani sekhanda, uphondo, njll.;ulayini wamandla oyinhloko njengocingo lwe-armature generator, intambo yaphansi, njll. idinga intambo engu-2.5-4mm2.Lokhu kubhekisela kuphela emotweni evamile, ukhiye uncike enani eliphezulu lamanje lomthwalo.Isibonelo, intambo yaphansi yebhethri kanye nelayini yamandla ephozithivu isetshenziswa ngokuhlukene ezintanjeni zezimoto.Amadayimitha ocingo lwawo makhulu uma kuqhathaniswa, okungenani angaphezu kweshumi lamamilimitha-skwele.Lezi zintambo ze-"Big Mac" ngeke zifakwe kumahhanisi amakhulu.

Ngaphambi kokuhlela i-wiring harness, umdwebo we-wiring harness kufanele udwetshwe kusengaphambili, ohlukile kumdwebo we-circuit schematic.I-circuit schematic diagram yisithombe esichaza ubudlelwano phakathi kwezingxenye ezahlukene zikagesi.Akubonisi ukuthi izingxenye zikagesi zixhunywe kanjani, futhi akuthintwa usayizi nokuma kwengxenye ngayinye kagesi kanye nebanga phakathi kwazo.Umdwebo wezintambo zokubopha kufanele ucabangele usayizi nokuma kwengxenye ngayinye kagesi kanye nebanga phakathi kwazo, futhi ubonise ukuthi izingxenye zikagesi zixhunywe kanjani.

Akuchazwanga

Ngemva kokuba uchwepheshe wefekthri yokuhlanganisa izintambo enze ibhodi lokuhlanganisa izintambo ngokomdwebo wezintambo zokuhlanganisa, isisebenzi sizosika ucingo nocingo ngokuvumelana nemithetho yebhodi lokuhlanganisa.Ihhanisi eliyinhloko layo yonke imoto ngokuvamile lihlukaniswa libe yinjini (i-ignition, i-EFI, ukukhiqiza ugesi, isiqalo), insimbi, izibani, isimo somoya, izinto ezisetshenziswayo zikagesi ezisizayo nezinye izingxenye, okuhlanganisa ihhanisi elikhulu namahhanisi egatsha.Ihhanisi eliyinhloko lemoto linezintambo eziningi zamagatsha, njengesigxobo sesihlahla negatsha.Iphaneli yensimbi iyingxenye ewumgogodla yehhanisi eliyinhloko layo yonke imoto, elidlulela emuva naphambili.Ngenxa yobude bobudlelwano noma ukuhlanganiswa okulungile nezinye izizathu, izintambo zokuhlanganisa ezinye izimoto zihlukaniswa zibe ihhanisi ekhanda (okuhlanganisa insimbi, injini, ukuhlanganiswa kokukhanya okungaphambili, isiyolisi, ibhethri), ihhanisi elingemuva (ukuhlanganiswa kwezibani zomsila, ilambu lepuleti lelayisense, isibani se-trunk), izintambo zophahla (umnyango, isibani sosilingi, uphondo lomsindo), njll. Ingxenye ngayinye yehhanisi izomakwa ngezinombolo nezinhlamvu ukukhombisa into yokuxhuma kocingo.Umsebenzisi angabona ukuthi uphawu lungaxhunywa ngendlela efanele ezintanjeni ezihambisanayo nakumadivaysi kagesi, okuwusizo ikakhulukazi lapho kulungiswa noma kushintsha ihhanisi.Ngesikhathi esifanayo, umbala wocingo uhlukaniswe umugqa owodwa wombala kanye nomugqa wombala ophindwe kabili.Inhloso yombala nayo icacisiwe, ngokuvamile okuyindinganiso ebekwe umenzi wemoto.Izindinganiso zemboni yaseShayina zibeka kuphela umbala oyinhloko, isibonelo, umnyama owodwa usetshenziselwa ucingo oluphansi, i-monochrome ebomvu isetshenziselwa ulayini wamandla, ongenakudideka.

Izintambo zokubopha zigoqwa ngocingo olulukiweyo noma ngetheyiphu yepulasitiki.Ukuze kube lula ukuphepha, ukucubungula nokunakekela, ukugoqa ngocingo olulukiweyo kususiwe.Manje isongwe nge-adhesive plastic tape.Isixhumi noma isikhwama sisetshenziselwa ukuxhumana phakathi kwehhanisi nehhanisi naphakathi kwehhanisi nezingxenye zikagesi.Isixhumi senziwe ngepulasitiki futhi sinepulaki nesokhethi.Izintambo zokubopha zixhunywe nezintambo zokubopha ngesixhumi, futhi ukuxhumana phakathi kwehhanisi nezingxenye zikagesi kuxhunywe ngesixhumi noma isikhwama.

Ngokukhula kokusebenza kwezimoto kanye nokusetshenziswa okusabalele kobuchwepheshe bokulawulwa kwe-elekthronikhi, izingxenye zikagesi ziya ngokwanda, izintambo eziningi kakhulu, kanye nezintambo zocingo zizoba mkhulu futhi zibe nzima.Ngakho-ke, imoto ethuthukisiwe yethule ukucushwa kwebhasi le-CAN, isebenzisa isistimu yokudlulisa i-multiplex.Uma kuqhathaniswa nezintambo zezintambo ezijwayelekile, inani lezintambo nezixhumi liyancipha kakhulu, okwenza izintambo zibe lula.